E30 series BMW 3

since 1983-1994 of release

Repair and car operation

+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Running gear
+ 12. Body
+ 13. Electric equipment
- 14. Good advice
   14.2. Changed numbers
   14.3. Purchase of the old car or mysterious set of figures and letters
   14.4. Durability of the car
   14.5. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
   14.6. Preparation of the car for winter
   14.7. Rule 35
   14.8. Choice of the second-hand car
   14.9. Engine oils
   14.10. That it is necessary to know, changing oil
   14.11. Emergence in deposit oil
   14.12 whether. It is possible to mix import oils?
   14.13. "Eats" much, but silently goes
   14.14. It is rather live, than it is dead …
   14.15. It is not got - good advice
   14.16. Visit to car-care center
   14.17. A gear belt for a drive of the mechanism of a gazoraspredeleniye
   14.18. Wear of pistons
   14.19. Valves
   14.20. Bearings of engines
   14.21. Engine pollution
   14.22. As the conditioner works and what to do, if it failed
   14.23. Conditioner: not only "pluses", but also "minuses"
   14.24. Rules of service of the conditioner
   14.25. It is not necessary to stir antifreeze with antifreeze …
   14.26. That it is necessary to know upon purchase of the air filter
   14.27. Engine overheat
   14.28. That it is necessary to know to the owner of the car with the injector engine
   14.29. Accumulator
   14.30. Possible malfunctions of the storage battery
   14.31. What to do with the failed generator
   14.32. The belt is guilty, and we blame the generator
   14.33. Catalyst
   14.34. Rub in one - or how to save the catalyst
   14.35. Probuksovochka
   14.36. Features of operation of brake system
   14.37. Malfunctions of brake system
   14.38. Brake liquids
   14.39. ABS: natural choice
   14.40. Rims
   14.41. We update rims
   14.42. Scheme of marking of a car tire
   14.43. Metal corrosion
   14.44. Automake-up
   14.45. What creaks?
   14.46. Hatch
   14.47. Safety cushion: troubles or pleasures?
   14.48. We fit well?
   14.49. Anticreeping "immunodeficiency"
   14.50. Why headlights grow dull
   14.51. "Galogenki"
   14.52. About the correct adjustment of headlights
   14.53. Electric motor
   14.54. From change of places "composed" changes nothing?


14.4. Durability of the car


The durability of the car in many respects depends on management style, and therefore today we will talk how we go and as it is not necessary to go, if, of course, there is a desire to save up both the car, and money.

Going on the car for work or to a business trip, try to count up, how many time you should use coupling, a transmission and brakes. After all while the car as it should be, seldom to whom comes to mind to pay attention to how these or those governing bodies are used. Certainly, to change, say, till time the erased brake shoes simply. And here already it is necessary to tinker with replacement of brake drums or disks. And absolutely not easy to cope with worn-out details of coupling or a transmission.

Anything, of course, in the car is not eternal. But if you, let us assume, unfairly often use coupling, maneuvering in a dense city stream, and do not remove a foot from a pedal, even standing on a traffic light, the put 80 thousand kilometers of run the disk of coupling will not serve, certainly. Its early replacement of situation will not rescue: on turn premature failure of plates of "basket" of coupling and the vyzhimny bearing which from thoughtless operation of transmission simply "dries" and breaks "basket"...

The same it is possible to tell about a transmission. Most "patient" of the domestic – a "Zhigulevsk" transmission is capable "отъездить" both 150, and 200 thousand kilometers without repair. But dashing management of it, being accompanied lever breakthroughs from one situation in another, long before term puts out of action bronze synchronizers. And it, though not the most difficult, but repair. Therefore patient drivers, changing transfers, use a technique "into three accounts", that is as though about itself speak: "time, two, three" when translating lever from one situation in another.

Somehow one my acquaintance complained about quality of details of a steering of almost new "Zhiguli". Also was to complain why: the car did not run also thirty thousand, and the helmsman, say, a pendulum on wear came nearer to critical line. It appeared that my acquaintance – the big fan under suitable conditions and to twirl speed by a steering-wheel as it sometimes do on a cross-country terrain. These pirouettes on the road look, can, and is effective. But, as they say, in this world it is necessary to pay for everything. Including for harmless, at first sight, "tricks".

However, to our "athletes" preferring quickly to take straight away, it is necessary to pay off not only a failing steering and ahead of schedule worn-out rubber. At such style of driving huge loading falls on a drive detail – the elastic coupling, bearings and driveshaft crosspieces, a coupling disk, not to mention the engine. No doubt, the modern cars equipped with motors, can go any time, as sports. But they are not intended for "sports" loadings, if, of course, speech does not go about the "single" car.

What to do, if there is nevertheless a need to "tear" motor – to get out on the become limp road or to slip in sand or on ice? Skilled drivers know how to arrive in similar cases: they create the necessary conditions increasing its passableness for the car. It is enough to lower a little tires of driving wheels to one atmosphere considerably to improve coupling of wheels with a surface of a dirt road. On the perdneprivodny car surpassing in passableness the car of classical configuration, difficult sites of dirt roads overcome, moving a backing.