E30 series BMW 3
since 1983-1994 of release
Repair and car operation
- 1. Maintenance instruction
1.1.2. Overall dimensions
1.1.3. Place of the driver
1.1.5. Keys for the car equipped with an immobilizer
1.1.6. Window regulators
1.1.7. Safety cushions
1.1.8. Board computer
1.1.12. Counter of the total passable way
1.1.13. Sound signal
1.1.14. 3-step automatic transmission
1.1.15. 4-step automatic transmission
1.1.16. Mechanical transmission
1.1.17. Hand brake
1.1.18. Period of a running in of the car
1.1.20. Threefold catalytic converter
1.1.21. Engine oil
1.1.23. Ruled cargo placements in a luggage carrier
1.1.24. Start-up of the engine and driving
1.1.25. Driving receptions
1.1.26. Trailer towage
1.1.27. Actions at refusal of start-up of the engine
1.1.28. A start order from the additional battery
1.1.29. If the engine decayed during movement
1.1.30. Actions at an engine overheat
1.1.31. Actions at a wheel puncture
1.1.32. Ruled towings
1.1.33. Pressure check in tires
1.1.34. Check of a condition and replacement of tires
1.1.35. Shift of wheels
1.1.36. Installation of winter tires and chains
1.1.37. Check of an external condition of the battery
1.1.38. Battery charging
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Running gear
+ 12. Body
+ 13. Electric equipment
+ 14. Good advice
1.1.25. Driving receptions
At a strong lateral wind reduce speed that will increase controllability.
Call in on borders or barriers slowly, it is desirable at right angle. Avoid arrivals on acting sharp subjects and potholes. Otherwise the rupture of a tire is possible.
At a parking on an abrupt slope turn forward wheels against the stop in a border that will exclude spontaneous movement the nakaty. Put the car on the hand brake and put the lever in situation P (on automatic transmission) or include the first transfer (on a manual transmission). If necessary substitute under block wheels.
At a wash of the car, or at movement on pools, water can get to brakes. Check water hit in brakes, having slightly pressed a pedal (having convinced of lack of transport). If weak braking, brakes wet is felt. To dry brakes turn on the hand brake and, moving on small speed slightly press a pedal. If work of brakes is not restored, it is necessary to move down on a roadside and to cause the technical help from car-care center service.
Before a start of motion be convinced that the car is removed from the hand brake and the control lamp went out.
During movement do not hold a foot on a brake pedal, otherwise there is an overheat and wear of brakes, profitability falls.
At long movement under a bias or at congress from abrupt slopes reduce speed and include a low gear. Keep in mind that at too frequent using brakes there is their overheat and efficiency of braking falls.
When driving on the slippery road be careful at dispersal, inclusion raised or a low gear and when braking. Sudden dispersal or braking by the engine can lead to car drift.
Movement with wet brakes as the brake way increases is not allowed and uniformity of braking is broken. Besides, the hand brake will not hold the car.
Avoid movement on big pools. Penetration of a large amount of water into a motor compartment will bring to an exit of the engine and (or) electric equipments out of operation.
Tires of all wheels should be identical type and the size. Pressure in tires should correspond to norm.
For preservation of efficiency of a drive on all wheels wear of tires of all wheels should be uniform. Periodically rearrange wheels.
For passableness increase at movement on dirt, sand or on snow on forward wheels dress chains.
Right after overcoming of the almost impassable road (dirt, waters, etc.) check work of brakes.
When driving under trying conditions it is necessary to reduce terms of periodic service.
Features of driving in winter conditions
The system of cooling should be filled with antifreeze on a basis этиленгликоля.
It is forbidden to apply antifreeze on a spirit basis.
At low temperature the capacity of the battery goes down. Therefore, for engine start-up in winter conditions the battery should be completely charged and serviceable.
Be convinced that viscosity of oil in the engine corresponds to an operation season.
Application of summer brands of oil with the increased viscosity complicates engine start-up. Consult in car-care center service concerning a choice of brand of oil for a winter season.
Take measures against an obmerzaniye of locks of doors.
For this purpose dig in wells special means against an icing of locks or glycerin. Before unlocking of a door heat up a key.
In a tank of a stekloomyvatel fill in the liquid containing special antifreeze.
It is not allowed to use for washing of glasses antifreeze from system of cooling of the engine which destroys body coloring.
At frosts do not put the car on the hand brake.
At a parking include the first transfer or transfer the lever to situation P (on automatic transmission). When freezing the got moisture, the mechanism of the hand brake can not release a wheel.
Do not allow a congestion under wings of snow and ice which complicate turn of wheels. When driving in snow weather occasionally stop and check a snow congestion under wings.
When driving in the winter it is under trying conditions recommended to carry with itself certain accessories: chains, a shovel for snow, a sack with sand or with salt, alarm rockets, starting cables, etc.